The Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) project represents one of Russia's largest ever industrial development projects. Spanning over 1,500 kms (932 miles) of rugged terrain, the CPC crude oil pipeline system will have an eventual capacity of 1.34 million barrels per day. Line fill is scheduled to begin this month.
The origin of the project dates back to 1996 when a consortium of governments and energy companies developed a plan for constructing a 1,580-km (981-mile) pipeline from the rich Tengiz oil fields in Western Kazakhstan to the coast of the Black Sea near Novorossiysk in Russia. The scope of work included repairing and refurbishing a 754 km (468.5-mile) span of crude oil pipeline originating in Tengiz and extending it north of the Caspian Sea to Komsomolsk, then constructing a new 800-km (497-mile) pipeline from Komsomolsk to a new marine terminal near Novorossiysk.
When the system becomes operational, crude oil will be transported to the new marine terminal for loading onto tankers (at a rate of approximately 12,700 cubic meter/hr), for subsequent shipment to foreign markets. Two Single Point Moorings (SPMs) located a distance of 5 km (3.10 miles) and 6.2 km (3.85 miles) from shore, respectively, will help minimize overcrowding of the port, while reducing the risk of tankers running aground. Although relatively common throughout the world, the CPC project will mark the beginning of SPM usage in Russia.
Neles Automation* (now Metso Automation) is providing Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) for the entire Caspian Pipeline, starting with early delivery of the Pipeline Simulation Model. This will be followed by complete SCADA with leak detection for the entire line, including the marine terminal. The Operations Control Center (OCC), complete with training system, will be located at the marine terminal in Novorossiysk, and the Secondary Control Center (SCC) will be located at the Kropotkin pump station, also in Russia. The tank farm is being constructed on land, 8 kms (5 miles) from shore, southwest of the existing port of Novorossiysk, taking into consideration the natural features of the terrain.
A Collaborative Effort
The CPC project represents a significant international cooperative effort involving the governments of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Sultanate of Oman. Eight international oil companies form the other half of the consortium and include: Chevron Caspian Pipeline Consortium...