Under Construction 45,412 Planned 38,390 Total 83,802 (Note: all figures are in miles) P&GJ's 2017 survey figures indicate 83,802 miles of pipelines are planned and under construction worldwide. Of these, 38,390 include projects in the engineering and design phase and 45,412 in various stages of construction.
Following is a look at new and planned pipeline miles in the seven basic regional groups (see area map).
Pipeline Mileage Under Construction: North America 15,279; South/Central America and Caribbean 1,821; Africa 1,716; Asia Pacific 10,085; Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe 10,700; Middle East 4,423; and Western Europe and European Union 1,388.
New and Planned Pipeline Miles: North America 16,535; South/Central America and Caribbean 2,859; Africa 2,268; Asia Pacific 9,753; Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe 2,006; Middle East 4,794; and Western Europe and European Union 175. For further information on these and other projects, see P&GJ's sister publication, Pipeline News.
North America accounts for 31,814 miles of new and planned pipelines but several major projects have been delayed. One problem for the industry occurred when, after seven years of delays, President Obama denied the required presidential permit for TransCanada's 1,179-mile Keystone XL Pipeline, which would have carried 800,000 bopd from the Canadian oil sands to the Gulf Coast.
Further fueled by the Obama's decision, protesters began working to halt other pipeline projects. One of these was the Energy Transfer Partnership, Sunoco Logistics, and Phillips 66 proposed Dakota Access Pipeline to transport production from Bakken three Forks production areas in North Dakota to Patoka, IL. Stretching 1,172 miles, the route passes two major Indian reservations, including Standing Rock, which is located in North and South Dakota. After the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe claimed the pipeline threatened its members' economic and environmental well-being, protesters flocked to the pipeline route and torched millions of dollars of pipeline equipment in Reasnor, LA and at a site in North Dakota.
On Dec. 4, bowing to political pressure, the federal Army Corps of Engineers refused to grant the developers a permit for a required river crossing, a step which could delay completion of the project indefinitely unless President-elect Trump takes action to grant the permit after his inauguration, which he has broadly suggested he will do to ensure final completion of the pipeline.
Litigation has Williams Partners bogged down on two fronts involving the Constitution Pipeline and Atlantic Sunrise Expansion project. As proposed, the Constitution is a 124-mile pipeline with a capacity to transport 650,000 Dth/d of natural gas. The route stretches from Susquehanna County, PA into New York state.
Williams also revised the targeted in-service date for its Atlantic Sunrise expansion project from the second quarter of 2017 to mid-2018. The revision resulted from an updated schedule of environmental review, published Oct. 20 by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and anticipated delays of certain permits to begin construction. FERC's revised environmental review schedule establishes Dec. 30 for its issuance of the final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), which would allow construction to begin. The nearly $3 billion expansion would increase deliveries by 1.7 Bcf/d. Williams' net investment in the Atlantic Sunrise project is $1.9 billion.
One project nearing completion is the 515-mile Sabal Trail Pipeline. This interstate pipeline, designed to transport over 1 Bcf/d of natural gas through Alabama, Georgia and Florida, is being built by Sabal Trail Transmission, a joint venture of Spectra Energy Partners, NextEra...